The Darfur Consortium

An African and International
Civil Society Action for Darfur




International Involvement in Darfur:

A Guide to Source Material in the International Advocacy Context

International Justice and the International Criminal Court

On March 31, 2005, the UN Security Council referred the situation in Darfur to the International Criminal Court. This marked the first time ever that the Security Council became involved in a situation.

ICC Press Releases:

The Prosecutor of the ICC opens investigation in Darfur, June 6, 2023

List of Names of Suspects in Darfur opened by the ICC OTP, April 11, 2023

Prosecutor receives list prepared by Commission of Inquiry on Darfur, April 5, 2023

Other documents:

Resolution 1593, March 31, 2023

With this resolution, the Security Council refers the situation in Darfur since July 1, 2023 to the International Criminal Court.

Press Release: Secretary-General Welcomes Adoption of Security Council Resolution Referring Situation in Darfur, Sudan to the International Criminal Court Prosecutor, March 31, 2005.

In the negotiations preceding the Security Council’s referral of the Darfur situation to the ICC there was much discussion about the appropriate mechanisms for pursuing justice. The attached aide-memoire expressed the Nigerian position that an “African Panel for Criminal Justice and Reconciliation” would be a more appropriate venue for pursuing justice while remaining sensitive to issues of reconciliation.

The International Commission of Inquiry conducted a three month investigation to determine whether international crimes had been committed in Darfur. They found that crimes against humanity and war crimes had occurred. On the question of genocide, they found that the crucial element of intent was missing, at least on the part of the central authorities. The Commission recommended that the perpetrators be brought to justice and the ICC was the appropriate forum for this. They also recommended a Compensation Commission which would help victims rebuild their lives.




Member Organizations:

Aegis Trust Rwanda

African Centre for Democracy and Human Rights Studies

African Women's Development and Communications Network (FEMNET)

The Ahueni Foundation

Alliances for Africace Studies

Anti-Slavery International

Arab Program for Human Rights Activists

Centre for Minority Rights Development (CEMIRIDE)

Centre for Research Education and Development of Freedom of Expression and Associated Rights (CREDO)

Human Rights Centre, University of Pretoria

Human Rights First

Human Rights Institute of South Africa (HURISA)

Institute for Human Rights and Development in Africa

Institute for Security Studies

Inter-African Union for Human Rights (UIDH)


International Commission of Jurists

International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)

Lawyers for Human Rights

Minority Rights Group

National Association of Seadogs

Open Society Justice Initiative

Pan-African Movement

Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP)

Sudanese Refugee Association in South Africa

Universal Human Rights Network


World Organization Against Torture